Your Gums Have Dark Spots? You May Have Black Gums

Dark Spots on Your Gums? You Might Have Gum Hyperpigmentation

If you have recently notice dark spots or blotches on your gums, you might be suffering from a condition known as gum hyperpigmentation or “black gums“. While this is not a widely known condition, it affects hundreds of thousands of people around the world. In this blog post, we’ll explore the causes, symptoms and treatments of gum hyperpigmentation.

Black Gums
Black Gums

What is Gum Hyperpigmentation?

Gum hyperpigmentation, also commonly known as “black gums” or “dark gums” is a condition that affects hundreds of thousands of people. It is characterize by dark patches or spots on the gums, which can range in color from brown to black. The exact cause of gum hyperpigmentation is not known, but it is believe to be relate to changes in melanin production.

In some cases, gum hyperpigmentation can be cause by a medical condition such as Addison’s disease, Melanoma, or psoriasis. In other cases, it may be cause by poor oral hygiene, smoking, or overuse of certain dental products. Whatever the cause, gum hyperpigmentation can be an unsightly and uncomfortable condition.

Fortunately, gum hyperpigmentation is not a life-threatening condition and can often be treated with home remedies or professional treatments.

Causes of Gum Hyperpigmentation

Gum hyperpigmentation, also known as black gums or dark gums, can have a variety of causes. Genetics can be one factor, as some individuals are simply more prone to developing discoloration on their gums than others. Another common cause is poor oral hygiene, which can lead to inflammation of the gums and the accumulation of bacteria in the mouth. Smoking, certain medications, and certain health conditions such as diabetes and vitiligo can also contribute to the development of gum hyperpigmentation. Lastly, prolong contact with certain chemicals found in food, drink, or other products can cause discoloration of the gums.


The most common symptom of gum hyperpigmentation is the darkening or “blackening” of gums. This may appear in blotches or spots, and can cover small or large areas of the gums. The color of the discoloration can range from brown to black, and is cause by an increase in melanin production. The dark spots may also be accompany by swollen and tender gums, bleeding gums, and receding gums. Gum hyperpigmentation can also cause bad breath, a metallic taste in the mouth, and an unpleasant odor.


The good news is that there are treatments available for gum hyperpigmentation. While it is not always possible to completely remove the dark spots or blotches, they can be lighten significantly and their appearance improve. The most common treatment is professional dental cleaning, which can help to remove plaque and bacteria, and also may lighten dark gums. If your black gums are due to a medical condition, such as melanoma, your doctor may recommend other treatments such as laser therapy, topical medications, or even surgery. Additionally, there are over-the-counter products that can help to lighten dark gums, such as whitening toothpaste or mouthwashes. It is important to consult with your dentist before trying any of these treatments to ensure that you do not harm your gums in any way.


The best way to prevent dark gums is to practice good oral hygiene. It is essential to brush your teeth twice a day and floss daily. You should also make sure to use a soft-bristle toothbrush and avoid hard scrubbing. If your gums are already dark, you should take extra care when brushing, as it can further irritate them. It is also important to visit your dentist regularly for professional cleanings.

It is also important to avoid certain substances that can stain your teeth and gums. Tobacco use, coffee, tea, and red wine can all discolor your gums. If you are a smoker, cutting back or quitting completely may help reduce the darkness of your gums. Additionally, using a straw when consuming beverages can help keep them away from your teeth and gums.

If you have black gums, it is important to stay on top of your oral hygiene routine and visit your dentist for regular checkups. Doing so can help identify any issues before they become more serious and ensure that your gums stay healthy and free from discoloration.

What causes gums to turn black?

The most common cause of black gums is a condition known as gum hyperpigmentation. It is cause by an excessive amount of melanin, the pigment responsible for skin and hair color, being produce in the gums. This can result in dark patches, discoloration, and spots on the gums. These dark spots or patches are often refer to as “black gums” or “dark gums”.

There are a number of factors that can contribute to gum hyperpigmentation, including: smoking, genetics, poor oral hygiene, certain medications, diseases such as diabetes or HIV/AIDS, and chemotherapy treatments. Additionally, it has been suggest that heavy metal poisoning may also be a contributing factor to gum hyperpigmentation.

Black Gums
Black Gums

Is it normal to have black gums?

No, it is not normal to have black gums. The condition is call gum hyperpigmentation, and it is a medical condition. Dark gums or “black gums” can be cause by a number of factors including smoking, medications, poor oral hygiene, hormonal changes, and trauma to the gums. If you have black gums, you should consult with a dentist or healthcare provider as soon as possible to get a proper diagnosis and treatment. Although gum hyperpigmentation can be embarrassing, it is treatable, so don’t hesitate to seek help.


Black gums, also known as gum hyperpigmentation, is a condition that affects many people and can be quite concerning. While there are many potential causes of dark gums, it is important to understand the symptoms, treatments, and prevention methods associate with this condition. In most cases, gum hyperpigmentation is treatable and preventable. If you are experiencing black or dark gums, make sure to consult your doctor or dentist to determine the best treatment option.

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