Difference Between C and C++ You Need to Know 

C as well as C++ (also known as C plus (also known as Cpp) are two of the oldest programming languages. C++ is directly developed from C however it is more renowned for its effectiveness and efficiency. Naturally each programming language has pros as well as drawbacks. What do you think about learning C instead of C+? Let’s explore the major distinction between C and C++.

To give you the basics of C as compared to C++, C++ is an improved edition of C programming language that has the additional benefit of being an object-oriented language. C was the underlying reason for the development of not just C++ as well also a variety of popular high-level programming languages, including the such as Java, PHP, and Python.

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What is the difference in C and c++?

Before getting on the difference of C as well as C plus Plus, lets briefly examine the two languages. The primary distinction in C as well as C++ can be seen in the fact that C++ can describe as an older abstract language.

C as well as C++ both are general-purpose language with strong communities.

It is a light procedural language that does not have a lot of abstraction.

C++ is an object-oriented programming language that offers more abstraction and more advanced features.

Both languages are able to use for almost anythinghowever, C++ is generally thought to be more modern.

What is C?

Popularly referred to by the name of known as the Father of Modern Programming, C was first introduced in the year 1972. It was invented by Dennis Ritchie while working at Bells Labs. While it was originally designe for creating applications that could run in the Unix platform, it’s today one of the most used programming languages.

C is an procedural programming language that is based on the most basic level of abstraction and is a systems programming language. C is compileable, light and provides the ability to manage memory manually.

The advantage of the C programming language lies in its the speed of execution. Developers and programmers can use C to write code on a variety of platforms. What’s the bottom the bottom line? C is a programming language that you can utilize C to program almost everything.

Today we have more sophisticate and diverse programming languages to select from; however, C’s flexibility was unmatched in its early times.

Pros of C

  • A light and nimble language
  • Support for low-level as well as high-level programming
  • Structure of system-level and procedural programming

Cons of C

  • Not an object-oriented
  • The software is missing many features that are essential to quality of life including handling of exceptions
  • A low abstraction level is what makes it more difficult to program and read

What is C++?

The language was create in the hands of Bjarne Stroustrup. C++ first became available in 1985, and was widely regard as the greatest developer of C. Bjarne started working on C++ as a program language while at Bell Labs in 1979. He wanted to design an efficient and adaptable extension of C. C programming language.

C++ provides support for object-oriented programming. It has a minimal degree of abstraction, and it requires manual management of memory. C++ has a similar structure to C. It is similar to C as it is lightweight and compiling. C++ can use in conjunction with C++ to develop applications that run on a wide range of platforms.

Pros of C++

  • A very portable and versatile language with a wide range of applications.
  • Memory management
  • Community Support for the community
  • Compatibility with C

Cons of C++

  • The presence of pointers in code can make it difficult to write and to read
  • Certain security concerns
  • The absence of some modern amenities like garbage collection

Comparison Between C++ vs C

Nowlet’s dive into our analysis. Be aware that in order to benefit from our C against C test, you must be at least intermediate in proficiency degree in C as well as C+. If you don’t, take a look at our list of top C as well as C++ books to improve your skills.

Application Development Area

C is a great choice for embedded devices as well as systems-level programming. However, C++ is the best choice for creating gaming or networking applications. It’s also a good choice to build driver for devices.

A further C and CPP distinction lies in the speed and performance. Although C has both of these attributes, C++ takes the process a step higher.

Find out more about the features, applications and the uses that are available in C++.


Since it is an oriented procedure (structure-oriented) programing language (also known as structure-oriented), C follows a top-down method. It starts with a high-level concept and finishes with a low-level design.

When using the top-down method, the principal() function gets first written and then the sub-functions are all called directly from the principal() function. Then, sub-functions are create according to the specifications.

C++ is opposite to C in this regard since, like any other programming language that is object-oriented, it uses a bottom-up strategy.

The bottom-up approach begins with the low-level design , and complete with the design at the top. The code is create for modulesand later integrated into the primary() feature.

Both methods are use in the process of developing software but they are not involved in the execution of programs. At present, software design involves mixing both methods to achieve the best of both options.

Compatibility With Each Other

C is an element that is part of C++. Thus, C++ is an overset of C. Although C++ runs the majority of C code however, C isn’t able to run the majority of C code. C compiler can’t execute C++ program.

Compatibility With Other Programming Languages

C++ is a C++ programming language offers compatibility with various generic programming languages. However, this feature is provided by C. C programming language.


Because it is an object-oriented programming language C++ can hide variables within a class, but provide a functional interface. It is possible to use modifiers for members of classes to make the data unaccessible to other users.

There is no such notion within C. C programming language. Thus every variable is accessible and susceptible to access through malicious code.

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